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J. Electromagn. Eng. Sci > Volume 13(2); 2013 > Article
Journal of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science 2013;13(2):113-119.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5515/JKIEES.2013.13.2.113   
Realization of High Impedance Surface Characteristics Using a Periodically Transformed Artificial Magnetic Conductor Structure and Reduction Technique of Specific Absorption Rate
Seungwoo Lee1, Seung-Yeop Rhee2, Pan-Yeol Kim3, Nam Kim1
1College of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chungbuk National University
2College of Engineering Science, Chonnam National University
3Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning
We developed a transformed, symmetrical, mushroom-like surface without via holes in cells focused on a 2.4-GHz WLAN band. Each slot in the novel type structure plays a key role in modeling at the desired frequencies. The designed artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) has several advantages, including a small size, a wider bandwidth, a short reflecting distance to the antenna, and easy fabrication because there are no via holes. Overall dimensions of the AMC cell are 21 mm $(Width){times}21mm$ $(Height){times}2.6mm$ (Thickness), and the bandwidth is about three times wider (11.7%) compared to that of a conventional AMC (4.0%). For evaluating the performance of the proposed structure, a reflector, which periodically consists of the designed AMC cells, was developed. The antenna with the investigated AMC reflector not only works within a quarter of the wavelength because of the extremely high wave impedance generated by the AMC cells on the surface of the structure but also reduces the specific absorption rate (SAR). Electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure to a human phantom was analyzed by applying the designed reflector to the 2.4-GHz dipole antenna in a tablet PC. The calculated peak SAR averaged over 1 g was 0.125 W/kg when the input power was 1 W and the antenna was located at 20 cm from the human phantom. However, the SAR value was only 0.002 W/kg (i.e., 98.4% blocked) when the designed reflector was inserted in front of the antenna.
Key words: Artificial Magnetic Conductor, Electromagnetic Band Gap, High Impedance Surface, Metamaterial, Reflector, Specific Absorption Rate
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